Real estate is a term that refers to land and other properties that are used for residential and commercial purposes. It includes buildings, fences, and natural resources such as minerals and water.
The value of real estate property increases over time, which is why the industry continues to grow. The value of property is a key indicator of the health of the economy.
There are seven factors that determine the value of real estate. These include location, heterogeneity, sensitivity to credit markets, and unit value. They also affect pricing and transaction costs.
Properties can be classified into four types: industrial, residential, commercial, and special purpose. Each type of real estate has its own unique characteristics.
Industrial real estate involves businesses that manufacture or store materials. Commercial real estate comprises a variety of different buildings and businesses that are used for professional or retail activities. Special purpose properties include government buildings, cemeteries, parks, and schools.
Residential real estate includes single-family homes, townhomes, apartments, condominiums, and co-ops. Vacant and undeveloped land is also considered real estate.
Some other types of property are not considered real estate, such as portable houses, vehicles, and boats. Personal property includes furniture, jewelry, and farm equipment.
Aside from these categories, there are two more classifications. First is “fixed” properties, which means those that are permanently attached to the land. Second, are “improved” properties, which are improvements made to the land.
Real estate is usually purchased as a buy-and-hold investment. These types of assets aim to generate income through rentals.